Monte Oliveto Maggiori, near Siena Italy
Fra Giovanni da Verona
My introduction to marquetry came from a book by W. A. Lincoln, The Art and Practice of Marquetry. I learned the basic technique of cutting pictures by following the instructions. There were a handful of black and white photos of historic pieces in the book and the one that truly amazed me was this trompe l’oeil image of an open cupboard with musical instruments. It was made around 1500 by an Italian monk named Fra Giovanni da Verona.
In 1984 I was lucky to get to go to Italy with an American couple who were experts on Italian intarsia. They gave me a week long tour of sites in Tuscany and Umbria with wonderful intarsia. The highlight was actually being able to see this panel and get up close enough to see the fantastic workmanship. (And I got to see it in color!)
Giovanni made many panels like this that were placed in choirstalls in important churches in northern and central Italy. A dozen or more of these panels would sit side by side. The open cupboards would be alternated with scenes meant to look like open windows with landscapes or streets and buildings.
Note how the four doors collect the light differently. This is achieved solely by using different species or cuts of wood. I particularly like how he made the neck and peghead of the lower lute look as if it is sticking out of the cupboard. The broken strings on this instrument are a particularly inspired touch. One can even read the sheet music.